金月芽期刊网

和“癌症”相关的论文

  • 黄金如何改善癌症治疗效果 相关:治疗效果 癌症 黄金
  • 昆士兰大学的研究人员开发了一项新的含金粒的纳米技术,其目的是监测人体内循环的单个癌细胞的多样性。采用这项突破性技术对黑色素患者的血液样本进行了测试,并且跟踪肿瘤细胞在治疗前、治疗期间和治疗后的扩散变化。
  • 迄今为止最全面的癌症遗传风险图谱发表 相关:图谱 风险 遗传
  • 由西安交通大学计算机科学与技术系、陕西省医疗健康大数据工程研究中心教授王嘉寅团队与圣路易斯华盛顿大学、哈佛大学-麻省理工学院博德研究所、贝勒医学院、梅奥临床医学院等13家世界顶级研究机构历时近3年合作完成了迄今为止最全面的癌症遗传风险图谱,相关成果发表于《cell》杂志。
  • 癌不癌,看看你的餐桌就知道了 相关:餐桌 城市居民 居民健康
  • 近年来,我国肿瘤的发病率和死亡率不断走高,尤其是在城市居民中,癌症已成为威胁居民健康的头号杀手。得癌症的原因有很多,而不当的饮食会诱发癌症,这是确定的。
  • 哪些食物能够辅助防癌 相关:抗癌食物 防癌 抗癌作用
  • 辅助防癌对这个问题的提法,专家历来很谨慎。因为,人之所以会患癌,是由多种原因共同作用引起的,光是吃一些可能有抗癌作用的食物是远远不够的,靠吃抗癌食物来防癌是不可靠的。但是,在做好其他预防癌症措施的基础上,加上注意吃些抗癌食物,则能提高预防癌症的综合能力。这样认识问题才是全面的。
  • 癌症患者自我感受负担相关影响因素调查及支持性心理治疗效果 相关:癌症 自我感受负担 影响因素
  • 目的在分析癌症患者自我感受负担(SPB)的相关影响因素基础上,探讨支持性心理治疗在改善患者SPB方面的临床效果.方法随机抽取2016年1月-2017年12月上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院住院治疗的癌症患者118例,对患者一般资料、病情应对态度、SPB进行调查,分析癌症患者SPB相关影响因素。将118例患者按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组,每组各59例,对照组予常规心理干预措施,观察组在对照组基础上,予支持性心理干预治疗,比较两组患者干预前后的SPB评分改善及病情应对态度情况。结果主要照看家属为兄弟姐妹、手术治疗、化疗次数≥7次均是对癌症患者SPB评分产生影响的危险因素(P〈0.05)。观察组患者心理干预后的SPB评分低于对照组,同时观察组患者心理干预后的积极面对评分高于对照组,而消极回避评分和失望屈服评分均低于对照组(P〈0.05)。结论癌症患者普遍存在SPB的负性体验,该负性体验与患者照看家属亲密程度及对手术、化疗的担忧相关,临床应给予支持性心理治疗,确保癌症患者SPB降低,使患者保持积极应对病情的心态。
  • Evaluating efficacy of screening for upper gastrointestinal cancer in China: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial 相关:随机对照试验 注册协议 中国人
  • Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of screening procedure for upper gastrointestinal cancer in both high-risk and non-high-risk areas in China.Setting: Seven cities/counties, representing three economical-geographical regions(Eastern, Central and Western) in China, were selected as screening centers: three in high-risk areas and four in non-high-risk areas.Participants: Villages/communities in these seven centers regarded as clusters were randomly assigned to either intervention group(screening by endoscopic examination) or control group(with normal community care) in a 1:1ratio stratified by each center. Eligible participants are local residents aged 40–69 years in the selected villages/communities with no history of cancer or endoscopic examination in the latest 3 years who are mentally and physically competent. Those who are not willing to take endoscopic examination or are unwilling to sign the consent form are excluded from the study. Totally 140,000 participants will be enrolled.Interventions: In high-risk areas of upper gastrointestinal cancer, all subjects in screening group will be screened by endoscopy. In non-high-risk areas, 30% of the subjects in screening group, identified through a survey,will be screened by endoscopy.Primary and secondary outcome measures: The primary outcome is the mortality caused by upper gastrointestinal cancer. The secondary outcomes include detection rate, incidence rate, survival rate, and clinical stage distribution. Additional data on quality of life and cost-effectiveness will also be collected to answer important questions regarding screening effects.Conclusions: Screening strategy evaluated in those areas with positive findings may be promoted nationally and applied to the majority of Chinese people. On the other hand, negative findings will provide scientific evidence for abandoning a test and shifting resources elsewhere.Trial registration: The study has been registered with the Protocol Registration...
  • A retrospective prognostic evaluation analysis using the 8th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) cancer staging system for luminal A breast cancer 相关:乳腺癌 委员会 预后
  • Objective: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical prognostic value of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer(AJCC) staging system for luminal A breast cancer.Methods: Using both the anatomic and prognostic staging in the 8th edition of AJCC cancer staging system, we restaged patients with luminal A breast cancer treated at the Breast Disease Center, Peking University First Hospital from 2008 to 2014. Follow-up data including 5-year disease free survival(DFS), overall survival(OS) and other clinic-pathological data were collected to analyze the differences between the two staging subgroups.Results: This study included 421 patients with luminal A breast cancer(median follow-up, 61 months). The 5-year DFS and OS rates were 98.3% and 99.3%, respectively. Significant differences in 5-year DFS but not OS were observed between different anatomic disease stages. Significant differences were observed in both 5-year DFS and OS between different prognostic stages. Application of the prognostic staging system resulted in assignment of 175 of 421 patients(41.6%) to a different group compared to their original anatomic stages. In total, 102 of 103 patients with anatomic stage IIA changed to prognostic stage IB, and 24 of 52 patients with anatomic stage IIB changed to prognostic stage IB, while 1 changed to prognostic stage IIIB. Twenty-two of 33 patients with anatomic stage IIIA were down-staged to IIA when staged by prognostic staging system, and the other 11 patients were down-staged to IIB. Two patients with anatomic stage IIIB were down-staged to IIIA. Among seven patients with anatomic stage IIIC cancer, two were down-staged to IIIA and four were down-staged to stage IIIB.Conclusions: The 8th edition of AJCC prognostic staging system is an important supplement to the breast cancer staging system. More clinical trials are needed to prove its ability to guide selection of proper systemic therapy and predict prognosis of breast cancer.
  • 喝苏打水既养生又防癌? 相关:养生 癌细胞 癌症
  • 最近几年,苏打水俨然成了养生“神器”,有人称它不仅有益健康,还可以中和酸性体质,预防癌症,甚至“饿”死癌细胞!
  • 几种常见小儿癌症 相关:癌症 小儿 骨关节疼痛
  • 小儿患癌的几率不高,种类也不多,主要有以下几种:急性自血症:俗称“血癌”,这是儿童最常见的恶性肿瘤,3-7岁发病较高。患儿表现为发热、脸色苍白、无力,皮肤、牙龈、鼻腔出血,骨关节疼痛,肝脾、淋巴结肿大等。
  • 利用肿瘤类器官有望实现癌症个性化治疗 相关:原发性肿瘤 类器官 个性化治疗
  • 英国癌症研究院等机构的研究人员利用在实验室培养的源自患者肿瘤的类器官(patient-derived organoids,PDOs)测试癌症治疗药物,预测患者对药物的反应。研究人员利用来自71名晚期肠癌、胃癌或胆管癌患者的活组织样本培养PDOs发现,其与原发性肿瘤高度相似。研究人员对比了PDOs和临床实验中的患者对抗癌药物的反应;分析结果显示,PDOs表现出100%的敏感度和93%的特异度,阳性预测值为88%、阴性预测值为100%。